Pope Francis: "Good politics at the service of peace"
Undoubtedly, the Second Vatican Council in the "Constitution on the Church in today's world" offers a clearly human vision of the Economy and Politics, with a view to organizing and managing these two great fields of reality, so closely imbricated, so that the community of the peoples and each person live in freedom, dignity and fraternity. This magisterial document holds that the common good and the practice of justice are the foundations of social peace; that public authorities must above all seek the common good and act according to the legal order legitimately established or to be established.
When Saint Paul VI inaugurates the First World Day of Peace on January 1, 1968, he addresses a message not only to Christians, but to all men of goodwill and committed to the pursuit of peace, and makes clear what Peace consists of in keeping alive and active the "highest and most universal values of life: truth, justice, freedom, love".
The messages of the subsequent World Peace Days have continued to emphasize in one way or another these same values, although with different nuances depending on the varying circumstances of the peoples and of the Church itself.
The current 52nd World Day of Peace (2019), which is entitled "Good politics is at the service of peace", remains in line with the messages of peace that have preceded it. Pope Francis has rightly looked the current situation of World Politics and sets out a series of measures that, put into practice, would contribute to achieving peace for the achievement and announcement of which the disciple of Jesus must especially live for.
The good politics
Politics, the Pope writes, "is a fundamental vehicle for building citizenship and human activity", but warns that politics, if not taken as a service to the community, can become instruments of oppression and even of destruction. "Politics, if carried out in the fundamental respect of life, freedom and dignity of people, can truly become an eminent form of charity."
In light of this affirmation of Pope Francis, every Christian is called to practice charity, for which he is also called to influence political life from his place in society, when, in addition, motivated by charity, the believer contributes with his action to build the universal city of God in this world. Moreover, there are some values common to the good policy in which believers and non-believers can and should agree, such as "justice, equity, mutual respect, sincerity, honesty, fidelity".
"Good policy, adds the Bishop of Rome, is at the service of peace; respects and promotes fundamental human rights, which are equally reciprocal duties, so that a bond of trust and gratitude is created between present and future generations".
Vices of Politics
The list of vices referred by Pope Francis is a faithful copy of the world reality that so much uneasiness and injustice, suffering and death is causing throughout the world, with the consequent loss of prestige of the political leaders. The Holy Father refers to "personal ineptitude for office, corruption, denial of rights, non-compliance with community regulations, illegal enrichment, justification of power by force or the arbitrary pretext of" reason of State », the tendency to perpetuate itself in power, xenophobia and racism, the rejection of caring for the Earth, the unlimited exploitation of natural resources for an immediate benefit, the contempt of those who have been forced to go into exile among others.
Make room for young generations
The tendency to perpetuate itself in the power of certain people or groups is seen by the Pope as a dangerous attitude; by the risk of protecting only the interests of privileged groups and by not giving way to young generations who can also contribute to the construction of a fair and supportive society; "Each one can contribute his own stone for the construction of the common house".
Good politics is built on law, trust and dialogue, so that none of us should discard the political horizon or generate mistrust in other groups, generations and even countries.
Good politics takes special care of the disadvantaged
"Peace can never be reduced to the simple balance of strength and fear", so a "no" must be shouted at the proliferation of weapons and everything that intimidates the person in their normal rhythm of life.
Pope Francis cannot forget the serious phenomenon of emigration and writes: "The terror exercised against the most vulnerable people contributes to the exile of entire populations in search of a land of peace. Political discourses that tend to blame migrants for all evils and to deprive the poor of hope are not acceptable. “Peace is based on respect for each person, the right, the common good, the creation entrusted to us and the moral wealth transmitted by past generations.
The Pope recalls the terrible tragedy of children living in areas of armed conflict, who are being recruited to become soldiers or hostages of armed groups and he encourages all agencies committed to defending the dignity and respect of children.
A great political project: peace in all areas
Pope Francis says that peace is the fruit of "a great political project that is based on reciprocal responsibility and the interdependence of human beings, but it is also a challenge that demands to be welcomed day after day", which demands the conversion of the heart and the soul, and affects the triple dimension of the person:
- "peace with ourselves, rejecting intransigence, impatience and having a bit of sweetness with myself to have it with others;
- peace with the other: the family member, the friend, the foreigner, the poor person, the one who suffers ...; daring to meet and listening to the message he carries;
- peace with creation, rediscovering the greatness of the gift of God and the part of responsibility that corresponds to each one of us, as inhabitants of the world, citizens and architects of the future ".
The Pope concludes with a look of supplication at Mary, mother of Christ and queen of peace.